San Miniato is a town of medieval origin. The town centre is characterised by numerous civic and religious buildings, squares and monuments. At the highest peak of the hill there is the Rocca/Tower of Frederick II, Emperor of the Swabian empire from the XI until the XIII century. The old fortress was chosen because of San Miniato strategic position: with a view over the main river Arno, a crossroad for the ancient communication routes, Via Pisana and Via Francigena, San Miniato flourished and gained importance. Today, the city is still an important point to easly connect Lucca, Siena, Pisa and Florence being the natural heart of Tuscany!